You have seen many under-construction Projects in your city or town. Many bridges, roads are under construction for a long period. The reasons behind these delays are different departments of Government of India are not working together. Like, If a road has to cross under the railway line then road construction authority have to take approval from railway’s. That leads in delay of projects, sometimes more than years.
Also, The logistic cost in
India is nearly 13% of GDP of India, Which is higher than developed countries.
Higher logistic cost make India’s export low profitable.
Launch of Gati Shakti Master Plan:
So, To overcome these bottlenecks The Prime minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi has launched the ambitious Gati Shakti Scheme or National Master Plan for multi-modal connectivity plan, with the aim of coordinated planning and execution of infrastructure projects to bring down logistics costs. It is a giant stride in India’s ambitious goal of achieving US $5 trillion economy.
Gati Shakti — a digital platform — will incorporate the infrastructure schemes of various Ministries and State Governments like Bharatmala, Sagarmala, inland waterways, dry/land ports, UDAN etc. Economic Zones like textile clusters, pharmaceutical clusters, defence corridors, electronic parks, industrial corridors, fishing clusters, agri zones will be covered to improve connectivity & make Indian businesses more competitive. It will also leverage technology extensively including spatial planning tools with ISRO imagery developed by BiSAG-N (Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geoinformatics).
Gati Shakti Scheme’s master plan:
The aim of this master plan is to ensure integrated planning and
implementation of infrastructure projects in the next four years, with focus on
expediting works on the ground, saving project/logistic costs and creating
· In this master plan total Rs 110 lakh crore will be managed under National Infrastructure Pipeline, that was launched in 2019.
· Besides cutting logistics costs, the scheme is also aimed at increasing cargo handling capacity and reducing the turnaround time at ports to boost trade.
· Moreover, It also aims to have 11 Industrial corridors and two new defence corridor one in Tamil Nadu and other in Uttar Pradesh. Extending 4G connectivity to all villages is another aim. Adding 17,000 kms to the gas pipeline network is being planned.
· It will help in fulfilling the ambitious targets set by the government for 2024-25, including expanding the length of the national highway network to 2 lakh kms, creation of more than 200 new airports, heliports and water aerodromes.
· In this Master Plan 16 infrastructure related ministries will be Integrated. This will help in reducing long clearance waiting time from different departments and help in boosting the construction projects.
· This integration of different departments would be done under a common umbrella platform that would be known as Gati Shakti Digital Platform. In which all infrastructure related departments will work together and all projects would be monitored on real time basis.
Getting approvals for land
acquisition, Environmental clearances also delay the infrastructure projects.
Therefore, if all these departments monitored simultaneously under same roof,
then projects will be done so fast.
PM Modi’s mission:
Prime Minister Modi elaborated upon the steps taken to increase the speed
of infrastructure development in India. Modi said his government aims to
complete 16,000 km of gas pipelines across the country in the next five to six
years compared to 15,000 km of pipelines built in 27 years till 2014.
Turnaround time of the Ships at the ports has come down to 27 hours from 41
hours in 2014.
Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
He also mentioned that specific roads and rail connectivity linkages,
which are designated industrial corridors like Delhi-Mumbai Industrial
Corridor, East Coast Economic Corridor or Amritsar-Kolkata
Freight Corridor, are likely to have positive impact on trade flows of
multiple products manufactured in the corridor.
The institutional framework for rolling out, implementation, monitoring and support mechanism is designed to have a three-tier system- Cabinet Secretary, Empowered Group of Secretaries (EGoS), heads of Network Planning wing of respective infrastructure ministries.
· The EGOS will consist of Secretaries of 18 Ministries
as members and Head of Logistics Division as
· The EGOS will review and monitor implementation of
the PM Gati Shakti to ensure logistics efficiency.
· The EGOS will be headed by Cabinet Secretary.
· Network Planning Group (NPG) consists of heads of
Network Planning wing of respective infrastructure
ministries and it will assist the EGOs.
· Further, in view of the complexities involved in overall
integration of networks and to avoid duplication of
Technical Support Unit (TSU) is approved.
This National Master Plan will
give impetus to India of the 21st century.
List of some Ministries involved in PM Gati Shakti National Master Plan:
-Ministry of Road Transport & Highway
-Ministry of Port, Shipping & Waterways
-Ministry of Commerce & Industries
-Ministry of Civil Aviation
-Ministry of Railways Ministry of Statistics and
-Ministry of Coal
-Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
-Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
-Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs
-Ministry of Finance
-Ministry of Communication and